Clearly, Henry Hobson
Richardson referred for inspiration to monumental medieval sources, such a
churches. However, as noted
Emmanuel Episcopal Church (l), Tithe Barn (r)
In a different corner
of the city, a church built
nine decades later shows a remarkable debt to both Emmanuel Episcopal and
the Tithe Barn. East
Emory United Methodist Church, East Liberty
Because of subsequent
additions and surrounding buildings, the chapel’s form is difficult to
discern today. The simplified
rendering bellows depicts its principal volume.
Chapel, Shadyside Presbyterian Church, photo & simplified rendering
firm selected this as a functional form for the chapel, which because of
its origin, was compatible with the main church, yet contrasting with it.
To provide adequate natural light in the second story, dormers were
used. This imparts a more
formal feeling than would be suggested by the open hall precedent.
Gabelet on Chapel, Cloister seen through colonnade (view toward southeast)
Originally the church and chapel were free-standing structures, connected only by the roofed colonnade. At the time of construction, the worship space of the chapel occupied the whole ground floor. Below it was a kitchen and social space. A lower hip roof to the north represents the 1908 chapel extension. During 1938 additions, the main church and chapel were joined on the south by offices, enclosing the charming cloister area familiar to Shadysiders today.
Van Trump, “The Church Beyond Fashion” in Life
and Architecture in
Copyright © 2003 Weald & Downland Open Air Museum http://www.wealddown.co.uk/northcray-medieval-hall-house.htm